Painting your home can be a bit overwhelming with all the choices on the market. There are different kinds of paint for different kinds of jobs. For instance, there are seven different kinds of paint described below to help you make the right decision for your project: oil vs. water based paint, primer, specialty paint, interior and exterior paint, latex paint, enamel paint and acrylic.
Oil vs. Water Based Paint
The two basic types of paint are oil and water based. The main differences between these two types of paint is how quickly they dry, how easy they are to clean up and the application. Oil paints take longer to dry and are typically known as alkyd. They also require a chemical or paint thinner to help with the cleanup process. Oil paints are typically used for painting doors, windows, and woodwork trim. Water based paints dry quicker, clean up easier and their finish is not as glossy as oil based paints.
Although primer is not considered paint, it is usually necessary to use primer as the first coat. It can be either water or oil based. It is important to use the same color of primer as the house paint color and if you are using a water based paint, then the primer should be water based too.
Paints that have additives are considered specialty paints. These paints may have fire retardants, anti-mold or anti-mildew included. It is recommended for painting a kitchen to use a paint that has anti-condensation additives because of the moisture.
Interior and Exterior Paint
Interior and exterior paints differ because of the elements. Interior paints tend to be water based and exterior paints tend to be oil based. Depending on the room and location you will be painting will depend on the type of finish. For instance, for ceilings, walls and low trafficked areas, a flat paint is more desirable because it is harder to remove stains. For high trafficked areas, such as hallways, children’s rooms, kitchens and bathrooms, a low-luster satin is recommended. These paints are easier to remove stains. Use semi-gloss and high gloss paints for surfaces you want to accentuate.
There is no actual latex in this paint. It is a commonly used term that simply means water based paint.
Oil based paints are sometimes referred to as enamel paint. They come in both gloss and semi-gloss finishes and are best used for shelves, kitchen cabinets, banisters, railings, furniture, windowsills and doorjambs.
Acrylic paints are known as water based paints with the binding ingredient as acrylic. There are different varieties of acrylic paints, such as acrylic enamel, acrylic latex and acrylic latex enamel. It is very durable paint and is not mixed with oil or water. A word of caution: Even if the name on the paint says acrylic, it does not necessarily contain acrylic. Be sure to read the labels. An advantage of using acrylic paints is they will not yellow.